3 Canine Joint Disorders You Need to Know About
Hip dysplasia is one of the most common and well-known inherited canine hereditary joint disorders, but it is not the only one. Hip dysplasia might steal the spotlight, but here are three more important canine genetic joint disorders that you should know about. You can learn about other harmful disorders that can affect your cat at petnailexpert.com.
If your dog’s kneecap constantly dislocates, a disorder known as patellar luxation could be the cause. While not always the result of inherited genes, this condition ranks among the top five most frequently occurring canine genetic disorders. Severe arthritis and trauma can also cause chronic knee dislocation.
Female dogs are more likely than male dogs to develop patellar luxation. Small breeds, including Chihuahuas, Cavalier King Charles Spaniels, Yorkshire Terriers, Pomeranians, Pekingeses, Boston Terriers, and Italian Greyhounds, are considerably more prone to this condition, although some large breeds, like the Irish Wolfhound and Saint Bernard, also carry the gene.
Intervertebral Disc Disease
Your dog’s spine contains intervertebral discs that provide cushioning to the spinal bones. Over time, these discs can become swollen and eventually rupture, causing significant damage to your dog’s spinal cavity. Ruptured intervertebral discs can cause neck and back pain, a wobbly gait, lameness, and even incontinence.
This disorder is not directly inherited through genes, but it is a side effect of breeding. Certain dog breeds are classified as chondrodystrophoid, a type of canine dwarfism. These breeds, including Pembroke and Cardigan Welsh Corgis, English Bulldogs, Pekingeses, and especially Dachshunds, have disproportionate features, like short legs and a long back. If you own one of these adorable yet chondrodystrophoid breeds, these abnormal proportions place great strain on your dog’s spinal cord and intervertebral discs.
Your dog’s hips are not the only joints vulnerable to developmental disorders. Dysplasia can also affect your pet’s elbows, most commonly as a result of genetics. Unfortunately, many of the same breeds affected by hip dysplasia, like German Shepherd Dogs, Labrador Retrievers, and Rottweilers, are also prone to elbow dysplasia. Large breeds are significantly more likely than small breeds to inherit and develop elbow dysplasia.
Elbow dysplasia actually manifests in four different ways, but all forms affect the elbow joints. Like hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia is a genetic disorder that results in pain, lameness, and limited range of motion. Usually, elbow dysplasia also brings with it arthritis. If your dog inherited this disorder, symptoms will probably emerge between the ages of four months and a year-and-a-half.
For more information, contact an animal hospital or veterinarian in your area such as petnailexpert.com.